05 October 2022

Holsters 101

Interesting observations and opinions regarding holsters; stolen from Larry Correia. While maybe not the most eloquently stated, every word below is true. I have stated as much myself many times during some of my classes. 

Here's Larry:

"Because Facebook keeps showing me advertisements for shitty holster companies, here is some advice for your concealed carry rig (I'm talking worn at the waist, strongside or appendix, not whatever goofy esoteric method* you are married to for whatever bizarre hipster reason)-

1. If your holster doesn't protect the trigger and prevent the trigger from being actuated while holstered, your holster is trash. If it is fabric and you can activate the trigger through the holster, that's a disaster waiting to happen. 
2. If the holster is floppy and closes on itself, so you need to use your other hand to get the gun back in, your holster sucks, and one of these days you will shoot yourself in the hand. 
3. If your holster flops around while you do anything even sorta strenuous, your holster is garbage. It needs to stay fixed to your body in about the same position it started the day in, or it's junk.
4. If your holster doesn't retain your pistol if you are forced to move fast, and the gun flops out, you are a danger to yourself and others, and one of these days you are going to shoot yourself or some other poor dumb bastard while you reflexively try to catch it. 
5. One Size Fits All means it doesn't fit anything well. Get a holster designed for your specific weapon. The only addendum to this is holsters that are designed to fit around a specific frame mounted flashlight, because those are designed for a specific fit, only in this case it's the light that its working off of. 
6. Avoid cheap garbage holsters with garbage attachments because they're going to break. 
7. Good concealment holsters don't need thumb breaks. They fit with friction sufficient to hold the gun in if you do a handstand or dunk a basketball, neither of which I can do, but that's theoretically possible for some of you. 
8. Holsters require maintenance too. They get worn out. Screws get loose. Check your stuff periodically. 
9. The gun must be secure, but it also must be accessible. If the design is such that you can't get a good grip on it for the draw, it's stupid, and it's going to slow you down unnecessarily. If you have to do stupid contortions to get your hand around it, that's dumb and pointless. 
10. It needs to be comfy enough to wear it so you don't cry and whine and then leave it home. Quit being a dork and glue some foam on those edges that bug you. My AIWB rigs look like pillows that hold a gun inside because I'm a fat guy who hates stuff rubbing on me. 
11. It doesn't matter if it is leather or kydex, all the same rules apply. 
12. Serpas have been banned from a whole bunch of places and courses for a reason. I don't need to rehash this, and if you disagree I don't care and don't feel like arguing with you. The only reason they still get used is Blackhawk is super good at having a variety in stock to ship to gun stores and they've got a great mark up. They suck as actual holsters. 
13. If you can't draw while sitting down, your holster is lame. Like that goofy ass lift the giant flap and the pops up above your belt rig FB keeps showing me. That's just dumb. They had to put a magnet in the new version to keep the guns from falling out, which makes it slightly less unsafe yet still stupid. Just get a normal rig. 
14. If you pay attention to this stuff you'll notice that most of the people who take it real serious and actually practice and train tend to pick from a handful of companies that follow all these. Ironically, those companies aren't usually advertising their magical super gimmicks to gullible dupes on Facebook. 
15. No matter how good your holster is, it's going to suck if you hang it off a cheap, floppy belt. You want a quality, rigid, non-stretchy belt. Belts that offer clicks or tension adjust are more forgiving than traditional belt holes, as you can adjust better to keep that gun in the comfiest spot. 
16. I didn't name any shitty brands because inevitably when I do, somebody is going to get butt hurt and cry "But It Works For Me!" and It's "Just As Good!" And frankly I don't have time for your hurt feelings today. If your holster doesn't fit these basic criteria, you should get something better.      
17. Test your gear. Dry fire with it a whole bunch. Wear it around. Be honest with yourself, and all the shortcomings will become abundantly clear. Don't tie your self-esteem to your purchases. All gun people have bought stupid shit at one time or another. We all pay the derp tax. Just recognize it, move on, and get something better. Then test that too.
On your goofy esoteric methods- 

* Small of the back is dumb. 
It is stupidly slow. And it doesn't actually conceal any better. You just think it does because it is behind you so you can't see it. Pointless. Zero advantages. 

* Pocket. 
Designed for tiny guns, all the holster rules still apply, except it's main job is to cover the trigger and serve as an anchor so your pocket rocket stays in the same place.  

* Ankle. 
A weird and incredibly slow method that is rarely used now, which I've got almost no firsthand knowledge of because I've not used it much other than basic demonstrations in CCW classes a long time ago. 

* Belly Bands. 
Peak 1990s deep concealment technology. Which depending on how crappy the brand is may or may not actually retain the gun, probably collapses, and more than likely needs two hands to holster. An Enigma does the same thing better in every possible way. 

* Off The Body.
Crap like purses, briefcases. Lame. If you ever set it down, congratulations, you just left a loaded gun uncontrolled in public. Also super slow and hard to access. 

* Gunderpants. 
Which is my wife's joke name for any of those athletic shorts that come with a holster. Same rules apply, and they'll probably fail on the retention, safety, and floppy bits. 

* Shoulder Holsters
Look great in gritty cop shows. Comfy. Suck to actually use. Slow. Requires a bigger covering garment. And nobody ever trains with them because you can't use them without flagging half the range. 

* Cross draw. 
Most of the disadvantages of shoulder holsters, only you don't get to look like a grizzled homicide detective.   

If you've got some other weird ass method that I'm not thinking of, ask yourself why you're the only person who uses this brilliant system, and then just try not to shoot yourself or somebody else. The only times I've seen most of these make sense is somebody has an extremely specific role because of their lifestyle, or dudes who carry multiple handguns in different positions because they do weird dangerous shit for a living. Those are bell curve outliers. They probably aren't you. Quit being weird and get a normal holster. 

Also, an addendum... Magnet car holsters are stupid. Your car isn't a holster. If you carry in a holster that isn't an uncomfortable piece of shit then you're not out there manipulating your loaded gun in public to stick it onto your goofy car magnet holster, which would need to weigh about 80 pounds to actually retain that gun in order to not lose it during a crash. Every time I see these ads pop up on here it makes my eye twitch."

Do there you have it! Take it from those of us that have BTDT; use these guidelines when looking for the proper holster to carry your weapon. 

29 September 2022

Telling It Like It Is!

My next blog post was going to be on Home Security but I hadn't written it yet when this popped up. This letter was first posted about a year ago but it has resurfaced and I thought I would add it here. Excellent, excellent piece!

 An Open letter to General Mark Milley, by a retired FBI agent, now Citizen Writer: Quentin L. Smith

 General Milley:

 During testimony before the Congress of the United States you stated:

 “I want to understand white rage, and I’m white...What is it that caused thousands of people to assault this building and try to overturn the Constitution of the United States of America?...I want to find that out.”

 Well, General, I am a 76-year-old white man, a former officer in the United States Army (1967-70), a retired Special Agent of the FBI with nearly 29 years of service (1971-1999). I attended Trump’s rally on January 6th and I think I may be able to help you understand the reasons for “white rage.”

 You impugn the motives of hundreds of thousands of patriotic citizens, whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Asians, male, female, young and old. They weren’t trying to overturn the constitution! They wanted nothing more than to make their voices heard and, if possible, delay the certification of an election they believed, with probable cause, was stolen. You and the media repeatedly claim Trump’s allegations of a “stolen election” are false. Neither you, I, nor anyone else know whether this is true or not because the evidence (hundreds of witness affidavits signed under penalty of perjury, pristine mail-in ballots, xeroxed ballots, the synchronized shutdown of ballot counting in 5 swing states until observers were removed from the election headquarters, etc.) has never been tested in court or disclosed to the people.

 Apparently, my presence in Washington, DC on January 6th qualifies me, in your estimation, as one of those “outraged white people” you want to understand. Since you appear to be somewhat intellectually challenged, let me give you just 13 easy to understand reasons for my “white rage” as you like to call it.

 1. I’m outraged that a duly elected President, the most effective President in my lifetime, was harassed, falsely accused of being a Russian agent, undermined, and lied about by “Deep State” career officials like yourself and a media that has become the mouthpiece of the Democrat Party; he was impeached and acquitted, not once but twice, during his entire 4-year term of office on clearly fraudulent charges.

 2. I’m outraged that BLM, Antifa, and other Marxists rioted during the summer of 2020 in cities across the country, and “heels-up” Kamala Harris led an effort to bail those who were arrested, out of jail. Over 500 people, arrested for trespassing and vandalism at the Capitol on January 6th, remain in jail without bail and, in some cases, are held in solitary confinement. This is not a defense of vandalism, but, how does the damage from the riots of summer 2020 compare to that at the Capitol on January 6th?

 3. I’m outraged that a president who accomplished more for the American people in 4 years than his three immediate predecessors did in 24 years, e.g. restored the US economy, cut taxes and regulations, made the US energy independent, brought unemployment rates down to their lowest level ever, destroyed ISIS, brokered peace deals between Israel and other Arab nations, defended our southern border, put America first, etc., etc., was fought every step of the way by Democrats and the Deep State.

 4. I’m outraged that this same president, who received 11 million more votes than he did in 2016, was questionably defeated in an election in which election laws were unconstitutionally changed in the days, weeks, and months immediately preceding the election, supposedly because of a virus.

 5. I’m outraged that a senile 78-year old career politician, who can’t put a coherent sentence together, who accomplished nothing during his 36 years in the US Senate and 8 years as Vice President, who didn’t campaign and seldom left his basement during the campaign for President, and who could never draw a crowd of more than 200 people at one time, was declared the winner over a President who drew tens of thousands of enthusiastic supporters at each of his multiple rallies, daily, during the campaign.

 6. I’m outraged that Candidate Biden bragged about having put together “the most extensive and inclusive voter fraud organization in the history of American politics” (it’s on video!) during an interview on October 24, 2020, with Crooked Media, a left-leaning media company founded in 2017 by former Obama staffers, and the media says that Trump lies when he claims the election was stolen!?

 7. I’m outraged that on January 28, 2018, before the Council on Foreign Relations, Joe Biden bragged how he once threatened to withhold $1 billion in authorized military aid to Ukraine unless the former President of Ukraine “fired” the prosecutor who was investigating the corrupt energy conglomerate, Burisma, with whom Biden’s son, Hunter, was being paid $84,000 per month to serve on the Board of Directors. Can you say, “quid pro quo?” But, when Trump congratulated the newly elected President of Ukraine, who campaigned on fighting corruption, and encouraged him to follow through on his campaign promise, Rep. Adam Schiff blatantly lied about what Trump said and Trump got impeached!

 8. I’m outraged that the FBI was given Hunter Biden’s abandoned laptop computer, the hard-drive of which contained emails reflecting the corrupt practices of the Biden family vis-a-vie Ukraine and China and the FBI did nothing with it since crazy old’ Joe was running for President. Can you say: “Hillary Clinton and unauthorized servers containing top secret documents”? Do you see a pattern here?

 9. I’m outraged that the “New Oligarchs” of high tech are censoring virologists of their right to voice their thoughts and opinions when those opinions are in conflict with the Democrat Party or the CDC.

 10. I’m outraged that an agency for which I proudly worked for nearly 29 years was politicized and corrupted by James Comey who was accurately described as being “out of his mind” and a “crooked cop” by a former Deputy Director of the FBI.

 11. I’m outraged that 13 US Marines were recently killed in Afghanistan by the Taliban just because our senile President was too arrogant to follow the blueprint put together by President Trump and his military advisers for the “conditioned” withdrawal of forces from Afghanistan. Perhaps, you and our incompetent Secretary of Defense objected but were either too cowardly or too busy promoting Critical Race Theory to push back and provide needed oversight of this withdrawal. You succumbed to “Trump Derangement Syndrome” and now, as a result, you have the blood of 13 dead Marines on your hands.

 12. I’m outraged about how the precipitous withdrawal of US military personnel from Afghanistan was carried out “before” securing the removal of tens of thousands of US citizens, Afghani interpreters and others who assisted the US military over the past 20 years, leaving them and Afghani Christians to be tortured and killed by the Taliban. And, you didn’t even give advance notice to our NATO allies! 

 13. I’m outraged that you and Lloyd Austin carried out the withdrawal of the US military without first securing the removal of $85 billion worth of military equipment, weapons, ammunition, Humvees and aircraft, which you left behind for the Taliban, al Qaeda, and a re-emerging ISIS to use. I agree with a retired British Colonel who recently publicly stated that President Biden shouldn’t be impeached, but rather he should be court martialed. You should be, as well...for dereliction of duty and cowardice.
 I could go on but I believe you get “my drift” as to why I and so many others - white, black, Hispanic, Asian, male and female, rich and poor, young and old - are experiencing flashes of “rage” and “anger” against this current administration. If you had any honor and decency, you would resign and retire.      

Quentin L. Smith

24 September 2022


(The two officers pictured above are not exactly demonstrating good situational awareness) 

Like so many other topics, there are numerous versions or interpretations of what effective situational awareness means. For the most part, they all mean the same thing, just explained differently. This information applies to every person out there, whether or not they carry a weapon. This should be shared /with loved ones and even children to help them become more aware of their surroundings. 

There are a number of tools and resources that can be utilized to help you facilitate the safety of you and yours. For my money, being aware of your immediate surroundings is the single-most important factor in maintaining your safety in all situations. No matter what other resources, tools or weapons you may have to help you deal with an unsuspected, dangerous event; your ability to recognize and the potential problem is your number one asset. Driving, hiking, shopping, working, gardening, cycling, hunting, sports events, etc, etc; all have unique and inherent concerns or dangers, regardless of how insignificant some of them may seem. Sadly, the world that we live in today is not like it was in the ‘60's. As they say, “You’re not in Kansas anymore, Toto!”. We live in a very fast-moving society where we are surrounded by evil. The criminal element that we face today is more cunning, savage, brutal and heartless than probably at any time in our Nation’s history. Values, morals and the very sanctity of life is diminishing daily. The chances of you or a loved one coming in contact with this evil are increasing at an alarming rate. Here’s how to decrease the probability of encountering these dangers and, thereby, decrease your likelihood of being mugged, robbed, injured or killed or simply avoiding an accident

The Color Code of Mental Awareness

The origin of the Color Code can be traced back to defensive weapons guru, Col. Jeff Cooper, of what is now Gunsite Ranch in central Arizona. This is critical, potentially life-saving information! The Code gives us the means to gauge personal awareness by putting a name and description to the amount of attention that we pay to our surroundings. By identifying a threat or potential threat early enough, we hope to be able to defeat fear and astonishment by replacing it with the knowledge that we have trained for this occurrence, and the confidence that we are willing and able to deal with 

Condition White is, unfortunately, the level of awareness that the majority of people stay in during their normal, day-to-day routine. They are largely unaware and unprepared for any type of event or activity that may threaten their personal safety or that of their loved ones. When this event or activity becomes a real threat and one is in this state, they are usually easily defeated and can be injured or killed if the event involves deadly force or some other specific danger.

Condition Yellow is best described as a relaxed state of alertness and is the minimum condition that you should allow yourself to be in at any time that you are not sleeping. In this condition, you are relaxed yet aware of your surroundings at all times and will have a much better chance of appropriately responding to the threat in a shorter period of time. Condition Yellow simply means that you are paying attention and does not require any further action.

Condition Orange is where you have become aware of a specific alert. Something has happened that has escalated your level of awareness. This could be a car following you through several consecutive turns or suspicious individual following in behind while your waling down the street. You haven’t reacted yet because it may be nothing more than a harmless coincidence but it now has your undivided attention until either a threat materializes or the circumstances relax. 

When this level of awareness has been reached, you will take whatever preliminary action that is necessary for you to immediately address the threat if it should present itself. This may include unzipping your jacket to facilitate immediate access to your weapon or moving your purse to the other shoulder or positioning yourself in such a way as to help provide a tactical advantage. Maybe it simply means leaving the area.

Condition Red is the condition of a specific, real alert. You are convinced now that the threat is real and dangerous and are taking action to appropriately respond to it. At this level, you will present your weapon, whatever it may be, and do whatever is necessary to effective protect yourself.

Condition Black was added sometime after Col. Cooper’s original release of the Code and is not really another level of awareness. It is instead designed to describe the act of being engaged or involved in a potentially lethal situation. At this point, your survival depends on the level of training you have received and your ability to control your mind. At this moment, the implementation of what may called “Survival Mode” or the “Fighting Mindset” is what will help you to be successful.

So there you have it! This is the Reader's Digest version of the situational awareness segment of some of my classes. This was derived from various sources that I have encountered over the years along with some of my own comments thrown in for good measure.

My next blog entry in the next few days will involve some simple, basic tips for home security.

14 August 2022

Is The IRS Law Enforcement?

Let me start this by saying that I am opposed to ALL federal law enforcement. I think they are unconstitutional, but they are not going away anytime soon.  

Whoever wrote that IRS job listing that everyone is freaking out about used a very poor choice of words and has likely been reprimanded. However, ALL law enforcement officers have to be willing to use deadly force. Even armed security guards need to be willing to use deadly force in the course of their duties if necessary. They have specific guidelines to follow in the use of deadly force. Do they abuse that? I'm sure they do sometimes, but nevertheless, they do not have an all-encompassing "license to kill" like so many of the weaker minded among us are saying. This is not unusual and not the same as being willing to murder Americans. 

Some Senator on the Mike Adams show said "bean counters" sitting in cubicles don't need guns. That Senator is a fool, just like his host. There are two different divisions of the IRS, the "bean counters" and CID. The bean counters are IRS "officers" and those in CID are IRS "agents" and are, in fact, federal law enforcement officers. Many on FB that will not do their own research keep saying that the IRS is not law enforcement. Well, the IRS, in and of itself, is not a law enforcement agency, but it has a law enforcement division and that is CID or the criminal investigation division of the IRS. This is not new. The IRS has had law enforcement capabilities for over 100 years!

The big issue here is the sheer number of new agents that they are planning to hire, not that they have LE capabilities. 

 I don't like it, but for the time being, that's the way it is.

31 July 2022

8-hr Disaster Preparedness Seminar in Alpine, Arizona

Our seminar in Tucson has been delayed until October but we have now scheduled one in Alpine, AZ for 27 August. 

Virtually every conceivable topic related to emergency preparedness will be discussed. Please bring note-taking materials!

This seminar will provide valuable and detailed information on the following topics:

* Food storage

* Communication

* Storing fuel

* Stress management

* Medical concerns and solutions

* Defensive weapons

* Finding, storing and purifying water

* Chemical, biological and nuclear information

* Survival Communications

* Bartering and MUCH, MUCH MORE!!

This class will be just a little different than previous classes. It is still an all-day event but the times will be slightly different and lunch will be available! Rather than breaking for lunch, we will take a very short break to order and the class will continue while you eat. We're doing it this way because of the venue and the distance that some people will be driving. You may still bring your lunch if you'd like but I encourage you to support our host and try a fresh burger or brat (or both!). We will also do a Q&A session during lunch.

You can Venmo to: Desertscout1
Or Zelle to 76paragon@gmail.com 

The cost is $49 per person for the whole day! We did this class for $125 for over 12 years but because of the urgency that we feel at this time, we are dramatically dropping the price! (Our host is feeling the same sense of urgency that we are and is closing his business for the day to provide this venue, so again, please support him!)

The seminar will be held at Ye Olde Tavern in beautiful Alpine, Arizona.
The address is:
42640 Us-180,
Alpine, AZ 
Call 928-693-7482 if you have trouble finding it. 
(Sorry, but no alcoholic beverages until the end of the class)

26 June 2022

Can't We All Just Get Along?

A question was posted today concerning the division and hatefulness that is so prevalent in America right now. I hear it in face to face conversations, radio, television and social media. People are asking, why we can't just agree to disagree anymore? Why can't we shake hands, put our differences aside and still be friends? Why do our differences in opinions or political ideologies result in unfriending and the dissolution of relationships? A lot of the people that I have seen asking these questions and trying to play peacekeeper are conservatives that still believe that our current dilemma is fixable if both sides could just find some middle ground make some attempt to compromise a little. It's always our side that tries to use reason, logic and common sense to fix things.
They are asking, "Can't we all just get along?"

Long story short, no, we cannot. Not anymore. Too much damage has been and continues to be done. Those that still believe in the traditional values that America was founded on are not willing to simply let them go. Too many good men and women died to create a Republic like no other in history. To create a free country that is the dream of practically every human being on the planet to at least visit, if not move to. Even more have died trying to preserve it. 

Officially, the 152nd celebration of Independence Day is approaching and I am reminded of a time nearly 100 years earlier when many "pre-Americans" came together to defeat the largest, most organized and well trained military in existence. The ones that didn't lend these early patriots a hand or the traitors that may have helped the King in some way, are equivalent of the progressives and liberals of today. 

America is also the envy of every evil, corrupt, despotic, tyrannical, two-bit wannabe ruler in existence. What tyrant wouldn't want to be in control of a country with the natural resources and vast amounts of untouched real estate that are available here? And many of them hate us simply because of the freedom that we enjoy (or did anyway).

America is being divided and destroyed by the Left and those that are sympathetic to their side. Virtually every civil, moral, social and patriotic value and tradition that ever existed in this country has been violated or erased by people that have every intention of destroying the Land of the Free. Abortion, gun control, normalizing pedophilia, permits, licenses, unreasonable taxes, CRT, racism, corruption, censorship, the economy and the environment. Boys and men are destroying the hopes and dreams of girls by competing in events that they have NO business competing in. Every level of government has offices that are being filled by people that don't know if they are male or female and their civilian counterparts that don't know which bathroom to use and the list goes on. The Founding Fathers would be sickened by what we have allowed to happen to their precious gem.

So, no, we can't just get along. Lines are being drawn between real Americans that cherish what the Founders gave us and those that would run her into the ground. Families are being divided. Life-long friends are parting ways. People are choosing sides. This happened one other time in America's history. 
It wasn't pretty...

15 June 2022

A Wake-up Call...

I'd like to think that this last few days have been a bit of a wake-up call for the people of eastern Arizona.

A malicious, intentional attack on a large section of fiber optic cable left thousands of people in virtually a complete communication blackout. All Verizon cell service, many landlines and internet were cut off for nearly 3 days. This dramatically affected many businesses including health services. Some businesses had to shut down because they couldn't take cards and many people are not carrying cash these days. People couldn't call and check on loved ones and those that work from home were mostly out of luck.

Actually, I say we were lucky. This temporary event should have taught us a couple of things.

1. Have an alternative form of communication. There are several types of very inexpensive two-way radios that are not dependent on cell towers or the internet. FRS, GMRS, MURS and Ham radio are the most common and each have their own benefits. 

2. This should be a no-brainer but have some cash on hand! We have become WAY too dependent on technology. So much so that some of us literally jeopardize our health and safety by depending on credit cards, cell phones and internet for almost everything we do.

Whether you want to believe it or not, America is headed for a major crisis. A lot of people talk about it but few practice what they preach. I see SO many people that have literally zero extra food and water in their homes. I cannot grasp their way of thinking. 

It doesn't even have to be as bad as a Nationwide crisis. It could be wildfire, earthquake, flooding, being snowed in, loss of job, unable to work, or any one of a dozen other things that may force you to fall back on your supplies.

There are 5 basics that one MUST consider to help keep themselves and their lived ones safe and healthy.

* Food-an absolute minimum of 2 weeks. Work towards 30 days, then 90, then a year.

* Water-absolute minimum of two weeks plus the means to purify more.

* Medical-first aid and trauma kits and training. 

* Defense-preferably guns and ammo. If you are opposed to guns, well, you and your family will suffer because of your bias. There are some alternatives but they are all inferior to firearms and proper training.

* Communications-you must be able to reliably communicate with team/family members. It is also beneficial to be able to monitor transmissions of others, particularly local government broadcasts.

All 5 of the basics are equally important. There are other important things that should be considered as well but these things are the most essential. 

For your own sake and the sake of those that depend on you, start working on these things NOW! TODAY! Some say it's never too late to start. They are wrong. We will all wake up one day soon and realize that it is, indeed, too late to start.

08 June 2022

Republicans are to blame...

Dear Republican leadership, 

YOU are to blame for the destruction of this country. NOT Biden, not the Democrats. You RINO, rat bastards should have supported President Trump when he needed you most! You power-hungry morons had the perfect chance to be heroes and continue to help make this country better that it has EVER been, now look at us! We're the laughing stock of the world with that decrepit, brainless idiot "in charge". America was well on its way to once again being exactly what the Founders had envisioned for us but you gutless wonders had to gang up on the one man that could fix it. 

The American people are now victims of the birth defects you suffer from. You were all born without spines or testicles. 
God help us...

31 May 2022

The Magic Bullet

FWIW, I want to expound a little on on that retarded statement about the "high power" 9mm ripping your lungs from your chest or whatever that idiot Biden said.

I can say with some degree of certainty that shot placement and bullet performance are probably the two most misunderstood aspects of shooting. Even amongst some of the more experienced shooters and most assuredly amongst novices and non-shooters. It's a science and not something that can be explained properly in a casual conversation at the barbershop. 

I've seen astonishing successes with smaller, slower, weaker calibers and dismal failures with larger, high-velocity, powerful calibers. Is it always about shot placement? No, it's not. Sometimes it's about bullet construction and sometimes it's a combination of the two. 

Just because I killed a bear once with a .22 magnum doesn't make the
.22 magnum a bear gun. I don't recommend it and don't condone it but the situation was urgent and that's what was handy. I fired a single, perfect shot at about 50 yards, he trotted about 3 steps and tipped over. Deader than a hammer.

Over the course of a couple of years, I had to kill 3 German Shepherds. I'm not going to explain why. Just suffice it to say that it was necessary and legal. One was feral, the other 2 were livestock chasers. The feral dog was 65 yards away, sitting by a bush. I fired one shot from my Glock 23 loaded with home-grown 165 gr. JHP's. The dog didn't even stand up. He dropped like a rock. A couple years later, a big male German Shepherd was on our land chasing horses. I whistled and he stopped briefly and turned to look my direction from maybe 100 yds away. I touched off a round from my .30-'06 loaded with 165 gr. BTSP's. Again, like a rock. However, a couple weeks later, his brother showed up and wormed his way under the fence and into our chicken pen. I hollered at him and he scooted back under the fence and offered a broadside shot. I shot him right behind the left shoulder but a tad higher than I wanted, with the same .30'06, same load. He yelped and ran about 3-400 yards to his house. The owner took him to the vet and got him patched up and he was running around again in a few days.

What was the difference? The first dog was shot a JHP handgun bullet designed for self-defense. Even at that range, the relatively slow handgun bullet expanded fairly well and left an exit wound the size of a grapefruit. A generic JHP probably would not likely have done so well and a FN-FMJ most definitely would have resulted in a wounded dog.

What about the other two dogs, shot with same gun and bullet?
Well, the first one was hit roughly at the point of shoulder and the bullet immediately encountered bone which shattered and sent fragments into the vitals, then traveled diagonally through the body and exited near the opposite side hip. Pretty dramatic. He was dead before he hit the ground. Different story with other dog. He was perfectly square, broadside to me. The bullet both entered and exited between ribs and traversed the body from left to right, just above the heart and through the top of the lungs. The bullet, being designed for big game, failed to expand and basically left a .30 caliber hole on both sides. Had that bullet hit the shoulder, or maybe even a rib, the results would have been different. If the bullet had been, say, a 130 grain JHP, it would have certainly cut the dog in half.

As many other hunters have, I've seen nearly every species of mammal in North America shot with everything from .22 LR to .30-30 to a dozen different types of magnums with results ranging from predictable to puzzling. Performance factors involved include velocity, bullet weight and diameter, bullet construction, bullet style and precise shot placement. Success may also be determined by the tenacity of the animal. See how much lead a badger, porcupine or opossum can soak up compared to a cottontail. Or a big bull elk compared to a bull moose.

So, I could go on and on about this but hopefully,  my point has been made. Choose your bullet and your shot carefully!

27 May 2022

Happy Memorial Day?

Just thought I'd throw this out there before it starts...

Happy Memorial Day?
There's nothing happy about Memorial Day, unless you're happy about the well over 1,000,000 American men and women that lost their lives or are MIA for something that they believed in, which in most cases was your freedom. 

To many, it's nothing more than the first holiday after warm weather sets in and it becomes all about fishing, camping and BBQing. Understand that there is nothing wrong with those activities and it's wonderful to spend time with family and friends but the sentiment and respect for the lost service members and the purpose of the day must not be lost in the recreational fervor of Memorial Day. To enjoy the day off, with pay for some, and ignore the reason you have it, is not unlike Atheists doing the same for Christmas. Why do they bother?

So, please enjoy your fishing trip and your BBQ and your family time but don't forget my brothers and sisters that signed that blank check for your freedom to do so and say a prayer for their families that are not able to do the same.

25 May 2022

The Solution to School Shootings

I am sick to death of hearing everyone crying about having armed guards or police officers at schools! 

The Uvalde, TX school shooter exited his grandmother's car after he crashed it carrying an AR-15 and a backpack. At 11:32, he entered Robb Elementary and was confronted by a "resource officer". No gunfire was exchanged.

In February of 2018, Scott Peterson was the cowardly "resource officer" that hid behind his car in the parking lot and did nothing, fully aware that Nikolas Cruz was continuing his shooting rampage inside Marjory Douglas Stone High School in Parkland, FL.

An entire tactical team hid behind trucks for 45 minutes outside the Columbine High School in Colorado in 1999 will two young men continued to rack up their body count.

Apparently, few of you are familiar with Castle Rock vs. Gonzales. In 2005, the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled the police have NO obligation to protect your children or anyone else. If they happen be there and want to help, that's fine but they have no legal obligation to and you can't sue them if they choose not to. So you want to spend a bunch of money to help your children become accustomed to a police state that may or may not help when needed. Perfect!

We've tried "resource" officers. We've tried "Gun-Free School Zones". We've tried threatening everyone with felonies and all it has done is kept the good guys from being able to respond when needed. Some make-believe conservative said today, "We need universal background checks!". Well, thats just fricking brilliant! The most recent shooter had 2 brand-new AR-15's which he had to have had a BG check on to purchase. To the best of my knowledge EVERY school shooter has either had new guns or guns stolen from parents or someone else.
The Uvalde shooter bought his guns legally from a dealer, complete with background checks.
 Phffft... background checks indeed!

We've tried it your way for over 30 years and what has it gotten us? Dead kids. Lots of them!

Lets try it my way now...

These school shootings will never, EVER stop until one of two things happens...

First, and most desirable, get the federal government out of the education business and leave it to the states. Better yet, yank your kids out of government schools and either home school them or put them in private schools.

Since that is unlikely, let's do this. Develop a special, 25 to 40-hour handgun class specifically designed around the classroom environment and put all teachers through it. When they finish, let the ones that want to, be armed in class. Rearrange the classes in such a manner as to have the armed teachers evenly distributed throughout the school. Make it widely known that XYZ Elementary School has armed staff members.

So what is the take-home message here? When someone walks into a school (church, synagogue, gym, office building, political event,...) and starts shooting, you kill them. THAT, ladles and jellyspoons, will put a significant damper on this school shooting BS!

13 May 2022

Presidential Authority

Several of my followers have been duped by a story that oozed out today about Biden creating amendments to the World Health Organization that would jeopardize America's sovereignty.

The whole stupid story is nothing but contrived, fabricated BS. The story can be traced to one very questionable "source" who, like so many other "sources" are so eager to spread complete crap and further fuel the division of America. They are doing much more harm than good. I don't have time for that crap.

If you are remotely interested in truth, liberty and the American way, you need to watch this, share it and put this kind of crap to rest...


28 April 2022

Goatzilla (or 10 Lessons Learned from an Animal Attack!)

My wife was born and raised in the People's Republic of Kalifornia. Lusting for freedom, she contacted me via a secure internet connection in the fall of 2009 and we began planning her escape. By 20 October we were ready to execute our plan and I headed to the PRK. Two days later, under the cover of darkness, we headed towards freedom.  On 24 October, we were married. 

Like many people who have escaped from the belly of the beast, one of her very first ambitions was to obtain a handgun and be able to freely exercise her constitutionally protected right to provide for her own defense so, the next thing on the agenda was training. She took several of my handgun classes and became a daily carrier of a Glock 26. She will not walk out of the house without it!

So where am I going with all this? Well, stay with me...

On Valentine's Day of 2012, I got a text that said, "You need to come home, I shot Snaps". I thought, "Oh great!" I had visions of getting home and finding Snaps standing beside the fence on quivering legs with blood running out of both nostrils and a very distraught woman with a gun in her hand. I wasn't really looking forward to it. You see, Snaps was a very large billy goat that we had raised from a wee kid and he loved Amy. Everyone else not so much but he loved Amy... until Valentine's Day of 2012.

On that morning, Amy got up like every day, got dressed (which included putting on her gun) and headed out to feed the animals before coming into town to work. She helped me at our gun shop. But that day was different.

That day, her and our youngest daughter went out to feed and were greeted by a very large, very unhappy billy goat standing spraddle-legged in the middle of the trail with his head down and smoke coming from his nostrils. Amy recognized immediately that this wasn't going to go well. In the first place, he should have been in the very sturdy pen that  I built for him. To this day, we have no idea how he got out of it.

Well, it all went downhill from there. Understanding that the wheels were about to fall off this situation, Amy told our daughter to go lock herself in the pen with the baby goats while she kept the goat's attention. Snaps became more aggressive and the two of them danced around a tree for a little bit before Amy was able to seize an opportunity to run towards the feed shed. He caught up with her and knocked her down from behind. She regained her feet, made it to the shed and slammed the door behind her thinking she would be safe. Wrong! Snaps began butting the door until he eventually broke it down. Just to emphasize the size and power of this goat, this door was very solid, built of 2x4's and plywood. It also opened to the outside and closed against a solid stop. When Snaps got done with it, it opened to the inside!

OK, so now Amy and Mr. Attitude are in this little 10'x12' shed together and Amy has no way to escape. Left with no other option, she quickly presents her Glock 26 and fires a single shot at his head. At the very instant that she pulled the trigger, he lowered his head to charge causing the bullet to first go through a horn then into the body. Snaps kind of sat back on his haunches, his eyes rolled back in his head and, assuming he was done for, Amy quickly sidestepped him and made her escape out the door. As she was walking away, she heard a noise and turned around to find Snaps reared up on his hind legs, head down and ready to attack. As he dropped down to all fours and prepared to charge again, she managed to get off another shot which hit him between the eyes, bringing this dramatic little event to an abrupt halt. This brings us up to the point where she made the phone call to me.

OK, so I get there and find a very dead goat and a fairly distraught and injured bride. Let me stop right here for a minute and explain something to you that will help you put the rest of this story together and help you understand why I have gone to such great lengths to include every detail of this story.

My dear wife is the epitome of Dr. Doolittle. She LOVES animals and animals love her (at least most of them). She catches flies and moths and turns them loose outside. She very much prefers that I live-trap mice and go turn them loose somewhere and going hunting with me is completely out of the question.

Alright, this is where the joking stops. All kidding aside, you have to understand just how traumatic this incident was for her. Her having to shoot that goat, that she raised from a baby, was every bit the equivalent of you having to shoot your best friend. It took me a few days to really grasp the impact that this event had on her. Now, let's finish my lengthy presentation here...

OK, we left off where I had arrived at the scene of the crime...
She almost immediately told me her first recollection of what happened. She was badly bruised but fortunately no broken bones or open wounds. My son and I gutted and skinned the animal and took him to the meat processor as we didnt have the room or time to do it ourselves. His live weight was over 200 pounds! When we cut him open, we were surprised to find that the first 9mm bullet first passed through 2" of horn before entering the body.  Had it been a hunting scenario, it would have been a great shot. It was a killing shot but not a good stopping shot. Big difference. After the bullet passed through the horn, it entered the body about mid-way down from the front, between the shoulder blade and the center of the breast. It pretty much severed the aorta and went through one lobe of the liver and one lung. He was dead, but no one had bothered to inform him. The last attack was quite literally on his last breath.

When we went to bed that night, we learned that she had holstered her gun after the attack with a Type II malfunction, caused by sand and debris entering the action of the gun when she was knocked tonthe ground. By the Grace of God, the gun fired the last crucial shot before becoming inoperable. 

The next morning was not business as usual. The musky scent of the goat was still in the air, the hide was laying off to the side of the trail and there were still tell-tale signs of blood on the ground. Amy now had PTSD so I walked out with her to feed. While walking out to the feed shed with it's newly repaired door, she stops in her tracks, put her fingertip to her lips as if lost in thought and said, "Wait a minute, that's not what happened at all." She then proceeded to tell me a similar version of the story but with dramatically different details. OK. The rest of the day was fairly normal and aside from Amy being pretty restless, the night went well as well. The next morning, same thing. I mean EXACTLY the same thing complete with a brand-new version of the story which she maintains is still accurate today.

Now then, it's class time. What did you learn from this story? In case it's not really coming around for you, let's review what happened and see how it applies to a more common shooting scenario...

Lesson #1...
Have a gun.
Ladies and gentlemen, carrying a deadly weapon on your person is possibly the single most intense responsibility you will ever undertake in your life. If you're going to carry a gun, carry it ALL the time. Not sometimes. Not when you feel you might need it. Not when you're going to "that" side of town... ALL the time. It means don't leave home without it. Period. Ever.

If my sweet wife would have done what most people would have done and said, "I'm going to go out do chores then I'll come back and finish getting ready to go to town", she may have been very seriously injured or killed. Make no mistake, this was a lethal force scenario. 

Lesson #2...
Stay alert and aware of your surroundings. ALWAYS! Amy has always done remarkably well at this.

Lesson #3...
Do everything you can to protect the innocents that you are responsible for.

Amy demonstrated this by directing Kelly to go and lock herself in the other pen. In your home, it could have been shoving your kids or spouse in a closet or bathroom.

Lesson #4...
Do your best to exercise all avenues of retreat before engaging the threat. No, in many states you are not required to but in every state, it is still generally a good idea, although there are cases where it may not be possible.

Amy demonstrated this by locking herself in the feed shed. When her attacker forcefully entered, she was left with no choice but to engage.

Lesson #5...
Amy's first fail.
Never assume that one shot will be enough to permanently end your issue. Its not like the movies. Shoot them to the ground. Shoot them until they are incapable of continuing to do harm.

Lesson #6...
After the shooting, even if you feel safe, perform an after-action assessment to ensure that your attacker is incapable of continuing to harm you, that there are no additional hostiles, that you or your companions are not injured and lastly, that your weapon has not been damaged and is topped off with ammunition.

This was Amy's second fail. In spite of going through several classes where that was taught, it slipped her mind under the very real stress of this situation. She walked away from the initial shooting location thinking she had incapacitated her attacker and she was rewarded with a follow-up attack. 

Lesson #7...
In spite of the after-action fail, she performed admirably by going straight to the cranial-ocular cavity after the center-mass shot failed.

Lesson #8...
Another after-action fail. Even after your attacker has been put down hard, perform after-action the same way. In Amy's case, she didn't check her weapon or reload. Either one would have resulted in discovering the Type II malfunction. 

Lesson #9...
Immediately call 911 when you are sure you are safe. In this case, 911 was me but the principle is the same.

Lesson #10...
Note that Amy told me three different stories, each of which she believed to be true. In a shooting where the law is involved, KEEP YOUR MOUTH SHUT! You have one chance to get it right. No matter how innocent and right you think you are, let your attorney do the talking!

When I say Amy failed a couple of points, let me explain something. Amy won. She was not a failure. However, this clearly demonstrates that no matter how much training youve had, you can still fail under that much stress. What she DIDN'T fail at was accuracy and determination. One she has practiced extensively, the other is an inherent trait. I know MANY men that would not have done as well in the same situation. All-in-all, Amy did quite well under the circumstances and she learned a lot. After all this, I think I would just as soon have my wife backing me up in a hostile environment as a great many men that I know. 

Using this real-life scenario is a great training aid and I use it in all of my defensive weapon classes. Several of my students have asked me to put it into text form so they can study it. So... here it is!

(Edit: After Amy read this, she corrected me on some of the details of the shooting. I have made the necessary corrections to the story.)

23 April 2022

Surviving a Year in Post-Collapse Bosnia

 The gentleman's name is Selco. This is his first-hand account of living for a year with no law, no utilities, little food and scarce medical assistance. The epitome of urban survival. I have seen this on several forums over the years and don't actually know who to give credit to. I also read the entire interview on my radio show a couple of times. What I have posted here is the Q&A portion of the interview after the show. If you're not on board with prepping already, you will be after this...

(I also posted this with no spelling or grammar corrections)


“Nobody wins, we just survived, with a lot of bad dreams.” – Selco 

From Selco: 

OK, i wanna share with you my own experience. (be patient with my English, i am from far away ) I am from Bosnia, and as some of you may know it was hell here from 92-95, anyway, for 1 whole year i lived and survived in a city of 50 000- 60 000 residents WITHOUT: electricity, fuel,running water,real food distribution, or distribution of any goods, or any kind of organized law or government.The city was surrounded for 1 year and in that city actually it was SHTF situation. We did not have organized army or police force, there was groups of defenders, actually anybody who had a gun, fight for his own house and his own family. Some of us was better prepared, but most of families had food for couple of days, some of us had pistol, few owned AK-47 when all started. Anyway, after one month or two, gangs started with their nasty job,hospital looked like butchery, police force vanished, 80 percent of hospital staff gone home. I was lucky, my family was big in that time (15 members in one big house, 5-6 pistols, 3 Kalashnikov s) so we lived and survived, most of us. I remember US Air force dropped MRE every 10 days (god bless USA for that) as help for surrounded city, it just was not enough.Some of houses had little gardens with some vegetables, most did not. After three months rumors started abouth first deaths from starvation,deaths from low temperatures, we stripped every door , window frame from abandoned houses for heatin g, i burned all my own furniture for heating, lot of people died from diseases, mostly from bad water (two of my family members), we used rain water for drink, several times i ate pigeons, once i ate rat. Money did not worth sh.. we traded things, black market worked, few examples: for 1 corned beef can you could have woman for couple of hours(sounds bad, but it was reality) i remember, most of that womans were just desperate mothers, candles, lighters,antibiotics,fuel,batteries, rifle ammo and of course food, we fight like animals for that. In situation like that lot of things change, most of people turned to monsters, it was ugly. Strength was in the numbers, if you were alone in the house, you've been probably robbed and killed, no matter how well armed. Anyway, war ended, again thanks to America (and again god bless USA for that). It is not important witch side had right in that war. It was almost 20 years ago, but believe me, for me it was just like yesterday, i remember everything, and i think i learned a lot. Me and my family are prepared now, I am well armed, stocked and educated. It is not important what going to happen, earthquake,war, tsunami,aliens terrorists, important thing is that something gonna be. And from my expirience, you can not survive alone, strength is in the numbers, be close with your family, prepare with them, choose your friends wisely and prepare with them too. 

And at the end, this is my first post, and my English is not so good, so don t judge me too hard.  

” Q: How did you get around safely?" 

Actually city was broken in something like lot of street communities, in my street (15 or 20 houses) we organized patrols (5 armed man every night) to watch on gangs or enemies. We traded things between people in that street, 5 miles from my street there was one street with something like organized traders, but it was to dangerous to go there, it worked only during the nighttime (during the day it was sniper alley) and you had more chance to be robed there than to trade, i used that street only 2 times, and belive me, only when i am really need something bad. 

Q: "What about wood?" 

It looked like there are many forests around your city, why did you have to burn doors and furniture? First, thank you for your questions, i did not expect this amount of interest for my post. I ll be glad to share lot of things with you guys beecause i want to learn lot of things from you. Anyway: Bosnia have lot of woods and forests when you check map, but i lived in city closer to the croatian border, more to the south, i don t want to mention name of the city, but if you check map, south part of my country closer to croatia is all in rock. Yes we had some trees in my city, parks, fruit trees, but most of the city is building and houses” but belive me all trees in the city is going to be burned very fast when you dont have eletricity for cooking and heating. After that all what you have is furniture, doors, wooden floors… (and belive me that stuff is burning too fast). There was almost no car use in town because: most of the roads jammed with ruins, abandoned cars, destroyed houses stuff like that, and petrol was like gold. If i needed to go somewhere i almost always used night time, never go alone but also never go in big group (2-3 man maybe), always armed, very fast, always in shadows, tr ough ruins, rarely openly on the street, actually always hiding. We did not have suburbs and farmers, in suburbs were enemy army, we were surrounded with enemy army, and inside town you did not know who is your enemy. And yes, there were organized groops of gangs, 10-15 people, sometimes even 50, but also there were normal people like you and me, fathers, granddads, decent folks, who robed and killed, there was not too much good and bad guys, most of us was gray, ready for everything.  

Q: "Did you prep and what kind of skills did you need?" 

Of course you can ask. We use what we had, we was not prepared for that situation,we did not know for prepping. So you can imagine in some aspects we go back in stone age, actually in most of. We just used everything what we had, one example, i had in my propan(or butan i am not sure) stowe big bottle, cylinder (i am not sure is that right word), and i did not use it for cooking or heating, it was to valuable, i manage to built (fix) that bottle with my friend so i can attach a hose on some kind of ventil (sorry my english is going down here) so i can fill those disposable lighters,(they are not disposable if you knowhow to) those lighter worth a small fortune. To make story short, somebody bring me empty lighter to me and i fill that lighter with gas, usually i took one can for that or one candle or whatewer he can offer me. I hope you understand my example, my english is poor on some things. one more example, i am a registered nurse, in time like that, my knowledge was my thing for trade. And yes, be trained and educated, in times like that it worth a fortune if you know how to fix things, all your goods is going to be exhausted one day, but your specific knowledge can be your food. I mean learn to fix things (shoes or people, whatewer you can). My neighbor use to know how to make some kind of oil for oil lamps( oil in glass, peace of rope) and he was not hungry, he never show me how he made that oil i belive he use some tree behind his house and small amount of disel, i don t know. My point is learn things, people always need somebody who know to fix things. It was not survival movie, it was ugly, we did what we have to do to survive. Nobody wins, we just survived, with a lot of bad dreams. 

"Q: Wasn’t it religious, the war?" 

Sorry man wrong info, that was not Cristian vs Muslim war, it was civil war, with lot of switching between sides. And sorry i am not to go in to the politics, i dont care to much for that, i am not going into religious stories, i mean i believe in God as higher power, and I am trying to live by his laws, i am not belong to any dogma, Muslim or Christian.  

"Q: Who was your support group?" 

My group was only my family, my blood (relatives like uncles, grandmother…), in my street and in my town trips i had some close friends, but my best friends was my family . I never take stranger in my close group.  

"Q: If you had three months to prepare today, what would you do?" 

If i have extra three months to prepare? Hmmm, probably run overseas Joke OK, Now i am very well aware how things can go very bad in very short time so i have food, hygiene, energy etc. supply for 6 months, i live in apartment with some improved security, i have house with shelter in a village some 5 miles from my apartment, in that house also supply for 6 months, that village small community, most of them are my relatives,most of them are prepared (they learned that from war), i have four kind of fire weapons with 2000 bullets for each (sorry, can not go in details, laws are different here for rifles). I have big garden with that house and some good knowledge about gardening and farming. I think i have knowledge now to smell trouble, you know when everybody is saying that everything is going to be fine you somehow know that is everything going to fall apart. I think i have strength to do everything what it takes to keep me and my family alive, because when everything is going to sh.., be sure, you are going to do some bad things to save your kid. You don t want to be hero, you want to survive with your family. I am nurse, also i am paramedic (US standards) And i am willing to learn from all of you. One man survivor, no chance ( OK it is my opinion) no matter how well armed and prepared, at the end you gonna die, i’ve seen that, many times. Family groups or closest f riend with lot of preparing and lots of different knowledge, i believe that is best.  

"Q: What items should we stockpile?" 

Thank you Well depends, i quess if you stock only one thing you are not going to survive, unless you want to survive like robber, then you need only gun and lot od ammo. I believe besides ammo food hygiene and energy things (batteries etc.) you need to focus on small things for trade, pocket knives, lighters, flints. Also LOT of alcohol, kind that can stay long, i mean stuff like whiskey and that, does not important what kind, you can have cheapest kind, it is very good thing for trade in desperate time. Also lack of hygiene things killed a lot of people, i ve seen that. You gonna need to have some simple things, like for example lot of garbage bags, i mean a lot, many uses for that, and a LOT of duct tape, many many uses for that. In case of weapon keep it simple, i mean now i always carry Glock 45 with me, because i like that gun, but it is not usual gun and usual caliber here, so i also have two 7,62 mm TT russian pistols hidden, because almost everybody have that gun here and a lot ammunition. I don t like Kalashnikov, but here there is that rifle on almost every 3rd house so… Most of the time i collect my water from roof in 4 big barrels during the war, then cooked to desinfect, we also had river in that town , too poluted but if you can’t choose… I don t think i am expert, i am here to learn. I quess it depends how far you going to go to survive with your actions, you need to be prepared to do some ugly things. Oh yes it changed my perspective on life, i know now that bad things can happens, and on more important thing, actually i believe it is most important: I don’t anymore believe government and authority, not at all. When they really doing their best to assure you that everything going to be fine, you can be sure that something bad is happening. Do not just believe, research.  

"Q: What about the civil war…and the religious fighting? Did gold and silver help much and how did you get the alcohol and other supplies?" 

 Hello to all It is me again I believe in some point this discussion gone wrong way, and no i am not offended, everybody have right for opinion, so here is few of my opinions: It was a civil war, yes there was a great influence of religion, but somebody mention “what did you do with people of other religion?” Well in my family there are people with different religious beliefs so what do you mean with that? I ll try to explain you simple; it was an attackers and defenders, lot of switching sides, civil war. War ended without winners, it ended with truce, thanks mostly to USA.It was the wrong war, wrong reasons. I did not fight for religion or ethnicity, i fought to keep my family and myself alive. For last 15 years we have peace, we live with people who use to be our enemies, i do not to want to have war and enemy again because ethnicity or religion or any other re ason. Please do not try to generalize anything about that war, there was not good and bad side, we all suffered and we all try to live together again. And yes every side did bad things, and every side had booth good and bad guys. I am here for one and only reason- survival, i want to learn, and i can share some useful stuff with you. I don t think about your religious beliefs, your ethnicity or your politic opinion. Few words about my city before war, it was a usual Bosnian town, normal life, decent people, schools, theaters, parks, college, airport, crime rate very low, town like most of the smaller towns in USA (i think). I was a young man, just like any of you maybe. Now very important think: i am not here to discuss about war reasons, or sides, religion or anything similar. Thanks to the war, in my town was REAL SHTF situation, and we can discuss only about that, only that is important. You have a lot internet pages, you can learn everything about that war, and you can choose side if you want. OK that s it. About survival. I don t know about other people on this forum, but i have lot of alcohol stacked now. At the beginning of war tank grenade smashed front wall of small distillery (alcohol factory) close to my house, so we took something around 500 liters of rakia (it is something like bosnian whiskey, i guess, it made from grape, very strong) It was great stuff for trading, people used alcohol a lot, desperate times i think, we also use it for disinfection. About hygiene, cups and plates, paper or plastic, you gonna need a LOT, i know, we did not have it at all. My opinion that hygiene things is more important maybe than food, you can easily shoot pigeon, if you have grandmother she may know some eatable plants on nearest small hill (my experience) but you can not shoot hand sanitizer. Water purifying pills, all kind of cleaning stuff, sanitizers, lot of soap, bleach, gloves, masks, all disposable, take very good care about first aid training, learn how to treat smaller cuts, burns or even gunshot wound, there is not hospital, even if you found doctor somewhere he probably do not have any meds, or you do not have stuff to pay him. Learn how and when to use antibiotics and have it a lot. Belive me with good knowledge and good amount of meds you are gonna be rich. About gold and silver, yes, me personally gave all my gold for ammunition in that time, but it did not worth too much. About pets, i did not have it, i did not notice a lot pets in that time, did somebody ate it? I don t know, probably. About small family, hmm, not good, usualy few smaller families get together in biggest house and stay together, all relatives (my case) Small family or single man, not good for survive in town SHTF, maybe in wilderness (i don t have expirience in that) Even if you stay low profile, hidden in your house with lot of food etc, sooner or later mob will come, and you have maybe have one or two guns, very hard. I agree with low profile policy, it is very important not to attract people w ith anything, but when they come, you need to have numbers, people and guns, best people is your family. About moving trough the city: always night time as i mentioned, never alone, 2-3 man, very fast, never attract with anything, look like everybody else, if most folks look desperate, poor, dirty you need to look same, there is no need that everybody know you have good amount of food, ammo , clean cloths and everything else back at home. Loo k and act like everybody else. When somebody attack you or your family then you need to show that you are very ready. I never walked in big groups,in that time and that situation big group is gang. Now, this is all my experience, it was then, i did a lot of mistakes, i am not expert, i am here just like any of you, to learn and share. For example i don t know too much about wilderness survival, i am here to check it. Oh yes, few things to the Sedoy: my wife is different ethnicity, and she is also a Catholic, i am not, and to answer you : no i am not going to shoot her. 

"Q: What happened to those who died? Where did people get firewood?" 

 Well, who ever died or get killed in that period, did not get proper funeral. Folks used used every peace of free land, close to house for burial, sometimes even in the garden, 2-3 city parks turned to graveyards,after war most of them are exhumed and properly buried. There was not noting like burning bodies or anything similar, as far as i know. Oh one more interesting thing about fire, some people use to go few miles during the night only to find fire somewhere so they can fire peace of wood and bring it home, and start fire for cooking or heating, lighters and matches was really precious, and most of the folks did not have enough firewood do keep always fire. For most of the people it w as constant search for something, fire,wood,food,ammo… 

Q: "Was salt valuable" 

It was valuable yes, but not too much, for example coffee or cigarettes worth-ed much more.

Q "What about cigarettes?"

Hm, i had a lot of alcohol as i mentioned before, i traded almost everything without any problem, let me say it like this: consumption of alcohol was probably 10 times more than in normal time.Not to mention cleaning and disinfection. On the other side you made a very good point, if you have money and time and you have a storage it is probably better to store cigarettes or candles and batteries for trade, or food. I was not prepper at that time, we did not have time to prepare, few days before SHTF politicians on TV stated that everything is fine, when sky fell down we just take what you can.

Q: "Tell us more about cooking and the foods you were able to prepare. Were you concerned about the smell getting around and alerting people that there was food over there?"

About cooking, before the SHTF i used in my house electricity for booth, cooking and heating, so when everything started i traded some stuff for some kind of old wood stove, i put it in kitchen ad fix exhaust pipe (right word?) trough hole in wall, i use that for cooking and heating. During the summer i cooked in my backyard (walled fence, brick, luckily) Concerning the smell of the food, hm, i ll try to picture situation: no electricity, no running water, sewage off for months, dead bodies in ruined houses, grime and mess , believe me it was very hard to smell something nice. It was not like in movies, it was ugly,dirty, and smelly. Yes i had few problems because of cooking, only few, but as i sad before, enough people, properly armed and with will to defend and you can manage most of the problems with that. Probably situation would be different in wilderness. I ate mostly some kind of pancakes with local herbs (does not require cooking oil and too much firewood), and of course everything what i could get and trade, rice was good to eat, not too much firewood for that. I think i had luck, only few times i ate funny things like pigeons. I always had something to trade, i guess that saved me, and guns of course. 

Q: "1. Why would the night be safer than daytime? Outside of the obvious of being easier to hide at night, but were the gangs more out during the days? Also, why only small groups of 2-3? What happened to larger groups? 2. Why would you have to go out at night? For instance, where were you going and why? 3. How did you handle the mob situation when they came for you, or your family? 4. You mentioned trading for bullets, etc. How much shooting were you doing during that time and how much ammo did you have, or would like to have had? 5. How were you able to determine who was an enemy and who wasn’t? How did you manage to get out there trade with people and when/where? 6. What fortifications did you do to your home and what kind of guard, or protections did you have in place? 7. Finally, how did you avoid snipers? What precautions did people take against them?"

First almost nobody were out during the day because of snipers, line of defence was very close, so whatever you have to do, you do it during the night, trade something, look for firewood (i can express how much this was important in town, and hard), looking for anything, check somebody, go to hear news (very very important, lot of people get kill ed because they go somewhere just to see what happening, or what s new) remember, no news, no radio ,no tv, nothing, rumors fed lot of people. Already explained, you can stay home and die of hunger and cold, or even infection of some small wound or go out and risk your life, try to find – trade anything useful. I did have situations concerning my house only, it is no need for too much details, we had more fire power, and brick wall. Also we had something like street watch, people from my street were good organized, in case of gangs, now there were a lot shootings. There was pretty much shooting in town, i did not have enough weapon at the beginning, one rifle and one pistol (ww2), maybe 100 bullets, later i trade some things for more rifles and ammo, remember i gave car battery for 2 rifles. How much ammo ? A LOT, as more as you can. Most of the time you are not able to determine who is enemy or friend, expect my family and few real friend, everybody else is potential enemy. When your friend must choose between his child s death and your death quess who is going to choose. Rumors, somebody tells you that some old guy few block away have some cans and he is looking for ammo or whatever, you go there, as i say you are always looking for something. Same some people would came in my street as traders, witha some goods. There was something like trade street during the night, actualy it was a big ruins of sport center, you can go overthere and look for something or offer something, but it was not controlled by anyone so it was too dangerous. It was primitive pretty much, brick wall around house,bags of sand on windows and doors, over that bags we used whatever you can, big pieces of metal, stones, inside house we put all kind of stuff on windows, only small openning left for rifle, always 5 members of family ready for fight, one always outside on street hidden. Stone age situation To avoid snipers, we stay home at day, it was not so much night snipers, even during the night we never walked openly on the streets if we can avoid that, always shortcut s, trough ruins, fast and quiet.

Q: "What was your bathroom situation? Where did you go? Did you have anything to wipe with? Sorry ask such personal questions, but this is something that I’ve wondered about in this type of situation."

we used shovel and any piece of land close to house, sounds dirty, and it is dirty, washing with collected rainwater, sometimes go to river (most of the time that was too dangerous) Most of the time we did not have toilet paper, even if i had it, i trade it. It was a bad situation all the time. If i can give some advice: first to prep is a weapon and ammo, then everything else, i mean everything, depends how much money and space you have, if you forget something no problem there is always somebody ready for trade, but if you forget guns and ammo then you may not be able to get to trading places. I do not see big family or group of really( i mean really) good friends as more mouth to feed, i see them as more guns and strength, it is in people nature to adapt. And keep it simple and use common sense, in the first period weak people vanished, other fight. Go with small thing, lighters, candles, flints. It is great idea to have fuel generator( electrical generating unit?) but i think is better idea to have 1000 bic lighters . Fuel generator is great, but in shtf scenario in town it is going to attract whole army,1000 bic lighters don t take too much space, cheap, you can always trade it for something. Real SHTF scenario demands completely change of normal mindset, hard to explain, i ll try through examples.

Q: "How easy/hard was it to get weapons AFTER the SHTF and what could you trade for weapon and ammunition (I remember you saying a car battery for a rifle) and where would I go to find the people who trade in weapons?"

Hm, you re right, after the war every house here had a weapon from war, and yes police did some actions to take illegal weapon from population, depends from man to man i quess, lot of people find ways to hide their weapon somewhere, just in case. I also have legal weapon (license), and authority here have some thing they call it “temporary collecting”, it is says something like : in a case of unusual event (riots, unrest, etc) government have right to temporary collect all legal weapon, so i keep always in mind that, and i acted like some people. You know some people have legal weapon for everyday carry( i have glock 45 and taurus 38) but some people with legal weapon also have illegal weapon hidden somewhere just in case SHTF and “temporary collecting”. It is not hard to get weapon in SHTF if you have good stuff for trade, but other thing is important, first days of SHTF is worst in terms of chaos and panic, maybe you not gonna have time to get gun. And to be unarmed in chaos panic and riots is bad. In my case man needed car battery for radio i think, and he had some extra rifles, so we trade.

Q: "What about medical care for people who were shot or became injured?"

Wounds was mostly gunshot wounds of course, without specialists and everything else, if wounded manage to find doctor somewhere he had like 30% chances to live, again it is not movie, mostly they died, lot of died even from minor cuts infections, i had antibiotics maybe for 3-4 treatment. Of course for my family only. Simple things killed people, diarrhea can kill you in a few days without meds and rehidratation, (fluid therapy, IV) especially small kids. Lot of fungal skin deseases,and food poisoning, we could not do too much. Basically we treated diseases mostly with local herbs, and if you had wound, put rakia on it and try to find antibiotics somewhere. So i was good at fixing wounds in term of emergency help, but longer procedure-bad prognosis. What i learned? Hygiene again, and a lot of meds, especially antibiotics. You need to learn to treat lot of stuff, go online, finish some training, EMT maybe, first aid etc. In SHTF things are different, learn how to open IV, when to use certain drug, or antibiotics. Get your self ANA TE (anti tetanus ) shot injections , snake poison kit, adrenaline kit (allergic reactions, different kinds) thick removal kit, (thick related illness can kill you, learn how to remove thick)… Get in your prepper storage some reanimation kit (simple one) like small oxygen cylinder, BVM mask etc. It is not really hard to learn to use all of these. OK let s clear something, of course you can not use anything of this in real world unless you are certified and trained for that ( EMT, nurse, physician ). But in SHTF nobody ask you for license, just learn and have in your storage big part for medical things. So to answer question how did i help and treat, most of the time very poor,i help some with resources that i have, i took food or something else for exchange, i was badly prepared for that, now i am what do i need to have.

Q: "Did your local currency/money still hold value? Were you still able to use money to purchase items from other people?"

No, not really, i mean sometimes you can use foreign money if you had it to buy something, (dollars or German marks) but even in that rare occasion rate was unbelievable for examples 1 can of beans for 30-40 dollars (normal value was maybe 0,50) i quess somebody had connections with outside world, black market you know, so he can earn lot of money.But it was very rare. Trade was main thing to get something. Local currency crashed very fast, in few weeks or month maybe.

Q: "How much space should I keep for alcohol storage? What was security like?"

About alcohol first, you right but you are right in booth ways, people need alcohohol more in desperte times then usual, so it is kind of gambling i guess , it is very good item for trading, i never had problems with alcohol trading and having than problems with trading other things. Also i am thinking about something else, maybe it is better to fill my storage with something less space consuming but still interesting for trade, like batteries, antibi otics etc. Thing is i had all that alcohol for free, i did not buy it. I don t know about this. In most of the situations people attack me because they think they are stronger, they did not know for sure what i really had. About ammunition trade, it depends how much ammo you are going to have, sometimes i trade ammo for food, and in few weeks again food for ammo, but i never never do trade at my home, and never bigger amounts, very few people knowed how much of anything i had in my house. The point is store as much of anything as you can store (space , money) later during the situation you ll see what is most popular, correction ammo and guns always gonna had 1 place for me, but who knows maybe number 2 for trading gonna be for example masks with filters. About medical issue , i ll write in my next post what do i have now in my medical part of storage. Defence were very primitive, again we were not prepared, we use what ever we could, windows were broken, roofs mostly damaged from shelling, all windows were blocked with something, sand bags and rocks,every night i blocked my yard gate with junk- rubble from the street and i use old alluminium ladder to get over the wall, when i come back i called somebody from house to get me that ladders so i can move in. Guy from my street barricaded his house completely, if he go out at night he use a hole that he maded in one room that is connected with neighbor s house, and go trough his (ruined and destroyed) house out, actually he had secret entrance. It may look weird to say but most secured houses are gone first, of course we had some very nice houses in neighborhood, with walls, dogs, alarms, steel bars on windows, alarms. And you can quess what happened, mob attacked those houses first, some were defended other not, depend how many guns and hands thea have inside. So i think security is great, but be sure that you keep it low profile, forget about alarm, if you live in town and SHTF you gonna need simple looking non interesting secured house, with lot of guns and ammunitions. Just keep it low profile and not interesting. On my apartment door now i have steel door for security reason, but only to keep me trough first short period of chaos, then i am moving out to connect with bigger group of armed people (family and friends) in the country (i hope). Well in my case migration did not happen because it happen very fast, other army just closed city in ring and that s it, if you ask me where was that army and how we did not seen them coming, the answer is simple, that army was an ally of army of my side and people, and one day we woke up and figured they are enemy now and they are closing all ways out. Politics . It is true, one more side of civil war. But i heard from others parts of country, and my frends who stayed in villages in the other parts in state, that they have much better situations,countryside had land,corn,wheat, fruit trees, farms etc they had enough food, it was bad, but much better than in city. I know one thing if we had some way out from the town, we would use it, we did not have it.

Q: "What was the situation with banks and stores?"

About banks, loans, credit cards. Complete monetary system died for about one year, so nothing works. It is complex question in many ways, i ll try it to answer it in some future posts, need much more time and much much more space to describe it. Even now almost 20 years later folks are at European court suing banks, because they dont want to admit their savings in banks, lot of different things happened in that period , they changed money, i mean monetary name, they changed it 2-3 times , hyperinflation occurs, lost of paper trails about savings, loans … i remember some people use that situation to get rich, they still rich.:) So i ll try to describe that in separate post. There was a lot problems with proving people s property after everything, for example: my father had nice apartment and because war he must leave it, after war ended he w as at court for about 4 years proving that apartment was his, reasons for that were different, because politics in that time, but also he did not have enough paper work to prov e that apartment was his (he did not took papers from apartment when he fled, he had more important things to care). On the other side during the worst period, people just moved in empty house, and that s it. I mention rural areas in other post. As far as i remember it was better there. In that period there is not running vehicle, actually i remember tank at the front line, and Lada Niva (check it on web) with cut of doors and roof and installed machine gun ( i think it was an old m53) and those two only moved when they fired( they keep it hidden behind ruined houses). For let me call it “civilian population” there was no moving with vehicles, streets were mostly under rubble and unusable and fuel was too expensive. Not to draw attention was a big thing, about clothing, there use to be some sort of town defense, it was not like real military,mostly mixed civilian clothes with part of uniforms, different weapon, so no rules. But as soon as go in to that things and try to talk about two armies, their strength, war crimes, politics i am not gonna like it any more, because people gonna start to choose sides, and i think it is not important for us here. As i said before there was not organized army, but we all been like soldiers, we had to, most of us carry weapon and try to protect from enemy army and robbers. Inside the town you did not want to look fancy because somebody shoot you and took your good stuff, you did not want to have fancy rifle, because probably you not gonna find ammo in that caliber and also you are drawing attention. So let s me try to put it this way: if SHTF tomorrow, i will try to look like most of the people outside, scared, desperate, confused and i ll scream maybe, no fancy looking stuff, i ll not go out in fancy new uniform and yell “I am here, you are finished now looters and robbers” I ll stay low profile, heavily armed and well prepared waiting to see my options, even if i have to go out with all my gear to do things i ll go in night, with best friend or brother. Maybe sounds ridiculous, but from my expirience it works, be wery well prepared, but let nobody outside your house know or see that. No matter how good is your house security, how good is your weapon, if people see that they have good reason to rob you they probably rob you in town SHTF, it is only matter of time and number of guns.Don t ever give them reason to be interesting for robbing. Stay uninteresting. Now this is my opinion, maybe is not working in different situation. About robbing grocery store and gas stations, it happened very very fast, as soon as shooting started all valuable things was emptied, there vas some effort of authority to keep it together but everything fall apart in first weeks.

(Editor's note: I don't know if there is more to this or not. This is all I could find.)


 In Liberty, Cope Reynolds (Desertscout) Southwest Shooting Authority of Arizona "The Shooting Bench" Podcast: The Shooting Bench    

Colts and Kimbers are what you show your friends. 

GLOCKS are what you show your enemies!